Advertisements
Advertisements
Advertisements
Home National Ogoni: GAHP, FG and Lessons Not Learned

Related Posts

Miss Abuja, Oluchi Madubuike emerges 2021 Most Beautiful Girl in Nigeria

Miss Abuja, Oluchi Madubuike has emerged this year’s Most Beautiful Girl in Nigeria.  She was presented with the key of a brand of Geely car...

NGO Distributes Learning Materials To Riverine Schools In Delta

A Non Governmental Organisation, Esther David Foundation (EDF), has donated writing materials to the schools in the riverine part of Delta State. Materials distributed includes;...

Ijaw community in Edo to get electricity first time since inception

By Our Correspondent  Inikorogha, an Ijaw enclave in Ovia South Local Government Area of Edo State, is to be electrified for the first time since...

‘Be careful of what you do when you’re in public office’ – Kanayo O. Kanayo tells politicians, youths

Veteran Nollywood actor, Kanayo. O. Kanayo has warned youths between the ages of 25 – 45 to be careful about how they live in...

Warri Yahoo boy nabbed for allegedly attempting to kill mother for ritual

A youth, Mr. Emma Eregarnoma, has been arrested by the police in Delta State over a failed attempt to use his mother, Mrs Oke...

Featured Artist

Ogoni: GAHP, FG and Lessons Not Learned

By Jerome-Mario Utomi.

Prior to May 1999, when civil rule returned to Nigeria after decades of successive military dictatorships, fierce wars raged between ethnic and social forces in Nigeria over the ownership and control of oil resources in the Niger Delta. Then, such state of affairs was blamed by political on the military as they were accused of being intolerant, in-mature, corrupt, unserious, unpatriotic and tribalistic.

However, the great effect of such plunder of resources, devastation and the degradation of the environment resulted in a long, dark shadow cast on the region-its peoples, and communities within the Niger Delta region. This harsh development observably became most pronounced among the people of Ogoni land.-a nation of about two million people and lives in a 404-square-mile (1,050 km2). The Ogonis are found in Southeastern Senatorial district in Rivers State Nigeria.

Adding context to this discourse, on November 10, 1995, the Nigerian government going by records executed nine leaders of the Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni People (MOSOP), led by Ken Saro-Wiwa on trumped up murder charges. Those killed were at that material time campaigners against the environmental degradation of the land and waters of Ogoniland.

The strategic regret of the occurrence is that despite the wicked killing, available evidence indicates that communities in the Niger Delta continued to have their rights violated in favour of multinational companies which exploit their natural resources even after the nation enthroned democracy in May 1999. Notably, the political class that once criticized the military, manifested similar attributes, in addition to non demonstration of good governance, lack of transparency and accountability and disregard for civil society organizations.

This set the stage for further degradation of the environment which sustained traditional livelihoods not just in Ogoniland but in the entire Niger Delta, Fisheries have been destroyed through the pollution of aquatic habitats and highly persistent contamination of creeks. Land resources have been devastated through oil spills and associated fires which have killed vegetation and left a crust of ash and tar making re-vegetation difficult. As a result, the Niger Deltans are exposed to high concentrations of hydrocarbons in the air, in their water and on their land on a daily basis. The people of Ogoni are therefore paying a high price for the activities of the oil industry in Nigeria.

Acting as a proof to this claim is the independent scientific assessment – carried out by UN Environment and first published in 2011 – which shows that pollution from over 50 years of oil operations in the region has penetrated further and deeper than many may have supposed. The assessment has been unprecedented. Over a 14-month period, the UN Environment team examined more than 200 locations, surveyed 122 kilometers of pipeline rights of way, reviewed more than 5,000 medical records and engaged over 23,000 people at local community meetings.

Apart from the available data, our mind eye also observes that as a nation we have not learned any lesson from the events of these past years. As such appalling episode of pollution and its damaging effects appears unabated.

The 2019 Global Pollution and Health Metrics recently published by Global Alliance on Health and Pollution (GAHP), which measured the global impacts of pollution in air, water and workplace, and submitted that Nigeria leads Africa in the total annual number of premature pollution-linked deaths, remains a telling proof. Synoptically, GAHP among other fears noted that a total of 279,318 died in Nigeria in 2017, last year the data published covered: 114,115 died as a result of air pollution while water pollution killed 159,777. Occupational pollution and lead poison were responsible for 2,088 and 3,338 deaths respectively. India and China, with populations in billions, recorded 2.3 million and 1.8 million deaths respectively.

Admittedly, there are appreciable traces of pollution all over the country occasioned by human activities, but using as minimum components of the right to a healthy environment of the people of Ogoni land/the Niger Delta region as a baseline, it will not be out of order to say that if what happened in other parts of the country is a challenge, that of the Niger Delta is a crisis. As the environmental condition of the coastal communities are not only deplorable but graced with non-development, poverty and extreme lack of government presence.This is an unhappy truth which its pains is deepeend by the awareness that was avoidable.

Regardless of what others may, the critical factors fueling pollution in the Niger Delta in my views comes in three folds; the existence of  multiple but obsolete regulatory framework which characterizes the oil and gas exploration and production in Nigeria; the Petroleum Ministry’s inability and Environment counterpart to get committed  to making International Oil  Companies(IOC’s) adhere strictly to the international best practices as it relates to their operational environment; And finally, non-existence of clear responsibility/work details and action plans for agencies and parastatals functioning under the ministry.

As noted in an earlier intervention, the business of crude oil exploration and issues of oil production in the country is regulated by multiple but very weak laws and Acts- of which most of these laws not only complicate enforcement but  curiously too old-fashioned for the changing demands of time. Thereby, creates loopholes for operators, especially the International Oil Companies (IOC) to exploit both the government and host communities.

Some of these laws/Acts in question that have been in operation since the 1960s but currently not achieving their purpose includes but not limited to; the Petroleum Act of 1969, The Harmful Waste(Special Criminal Positions etc), Act 1988, Mineral Oil Safety Regulation 1963, Petroleum(Drilling and Production) Regulation 1969 (Subsidiary Legislation to The Petroleum Act), The off-shore Oil Revenue (Registration of Grants)Act 1971, Oil in Navigable Act 1968, Petroleum Production and Distribution(Anti Sabotage) Act 1975, Associated Gas Re-injection Act 1979, Associated Gas Re-injection(continued Flaring of Gas) Regulation, Associated Gas Re-injection(Amendment) Decree 1985, Oil Pipeline Act Chapter (CAP) 338, Laws of the Federation of Nigeria(L.F.N.) 1990, and Gas Flare prohibition and punishment) Act 2016 among others.

Using the Harmful Waste (Special Criminal Positions etc), Act 1988, to prove how defective these laws have become, and the urgent need to have the new Petroleum Industry Governance Bill as passed by the outgone 8th National Assembly signed into law, it was described somewhere, as insufficient the definition of harmful waste by the Act based solely on its impact on human beings, and does not include its impacts on the environment and animals.

Detailedly, the Act only focuses on the commission of any action or omission by persons without lawful authority. Thus, where an organization has a license to store waste resulting from production, they are seemingly omitted from the ambit of the Act, but the law failed to take into consideration the inadequate storage or inadequate waste management system by licensed firms or groups.

What about the Gas Flare prohibition and punishment Act 2016?

It is factually supported that while this law against flare of gas is ‘alive and active’,Nigeria presently has about 139 gas flare locations spread across the Niger Delta both in onshore and offshore oil fields where gas which constitutes about 11 percent of the total gas produced are flared.

What an irony

Apart from signing the new petroleum Industry Governance Bill(PIGB),  into law to make all parties and players more responsible and responsive, if the government is desirous of winning the war against pollution challenge in Nigeria, they (FG) must start by implementing the well-considered ruling/directive by African Commission  in October 2001, which found the Federal Republic of Nigeria in violations of 2, 4, 14, 16,18(1),21 and 24 of the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ (ACHPR), and therefore recommended a total clean up of the polluted Ogoni and other adjourning communities in addition to taking preventive remedial and compensatory measures to improve economic and social outcomes for the Ogoni community.

Also, it has become eminently desirable that Nigeria takes ‘a cue from countries like Germany, and Rwanda who are among the world’s leading recyclers of waste and cutting down the use of plastic. They must move from the open landfills in every state of the country that has become eyesores to generating wealth from the recycling of these wastes’. 

Utomi (jeromeutomi@yahoo.com), writes from Lagos, Nigeria

Latest Posts

Miss Abuja, Oluchi Madubuike emerges 2021 Most Beautiful Girl in Nigeria

Miss Abuja, Oluchi Madubuike has emerged this year’s Most Beautiful Girl in Nigeria.  She was presented with the key of a brand of Geely car...

NGO Distributes Learning Materials To Riverine Schools In Delta

A Non Governmental Organisation, Esther David Foundation (EDF), has donated writing materials to the schools in the riverine part of Delta State. Materials distributed includes;...

Ijaw community in Edo to get electricity first time since inception

By Our Correspondent  Inikorogha, an Ijaw enclave in Ovia South Local Government Area of Edo State, is to be electrified for the first time since...

Aydın escort muğla escort tekirdağ escort manisa escort balıkesir escort konyaaltı escort alanya escort manavgat escort didim escort kemer escort aksaray escort burdur escort kırklareli escort kastamonu escort adıyaman escort belek escort trabzon escort elazığ escort ordu escort kütahya escort ısparta escort rize escort maraş escort yalova escort giresun escort yozgat escort tokat escort şanlıurfa escort sivas escort batman escort erzurum escort sinop escort kırşehir escort karaman escort kırıkkale escort bolu escort amasya escort niğde escort uşak escort edirne escort çorum escort osmaniye escort zonguldak escort van escort erzincan escort söke escort nazilli escort kuşadası escort efeler escort didim escort çine escort bodrum escort fethiye escort marmaris escort dalaman escort menteşe escort milas escort ortaca escort seydikemer escort çerkezköy escort çorlu escort ergene escort kapaklı escort malkara escort süleymanpaşa escort akhisar escort alaşehir escort salihli escort şehzadeler escort soma escort turgutlu escort yunusemre escort bandırma escort altıeylül escort ayvalık escort bigadiç escort burhaniye escort gönen escort karesi escort susurluk escort ayvacık escort biga escort çan escort gelibolu escort yenice escort akçaabat escort araklı escort of escort ortahisar escort yomra escort karakoçan escort kovancılar escort altınordu escort fatsa escort perşembe escort ünye escort tavşanlı escort simav escort domaniç escort eğirdir escort yalvaç escort ardeşen escort cayeli escort fındıklı escort pazar escort afşin escort dulkadiroğlu escort Elbistan escort onikişubat escort pazarcık escort türkoğlu escort altınova escort çiftlikköy escort çınarcık escort bulancak escort espiye escort eynesil escort görele escort piraziz escort tirebolu escort yağlıdere escort sorgun escort sarıkaya escort çayıralan escort boğazlıyan escort akdağmadeni escort erbaa escort niksar escort turhal escort zile escort viranşehir escort suruç escort siverek escort karaköprü escort haliliye escort eyyübiye escort akçakale escort zara escort Yıldızeli escort suşehri escort şarkışla escort gemerek escort kozluk escort sason escort aziziye escort horasan escort oltu escort palandöken escort yakutiye escort ayancık escort boyabat escort gerze escort kaman escort mucur escort ermenek escort sarıveliler escort keskin escort yahşihan escort gerede escort göynük escort mengen escort mudurnu escort göynücek escort gümüşhacıköy escort merzifon escort suluova escort taşova escort bor escort çamardı escort ulukışla escort banaz escort eşme escort sivaslı escort havsa escort ipsala escort keşan escort osmancık escort sungurlu escort bahçe escort hasanbeyli escort kadirli escort toprakkale escort alaplı escort çaycuma escort ereğli escort kilimli escort başkale escort ipekyolu escort özalp escort tuşba escort kemah escort refahiye escort tercan escort üzümlü escort http://www.ddtshanghaiescort.com Antalya escort Bursa escort Mersin escort Aydın escort Balıkesir escort Çanakkale escort Kıbrıs escort Kütahya escort Manisa escort Muğla escort Tekirdağ escort Trabzon escort Yalova escort Isparta escort Maraş escort Ordu escort Rize escort Sivas escort Afyon escort Aksaray escort Giresun escort Şanlıurfa escort Yozgat escort Erzurum escort Amasya escort Çorum escort Tokat escort Uşak escort Van escort Bolu escort Burdur escort Kırşehir escort Niğde escort Osmaniye escort Zonguldak escort Düzce escort Edirne escort Erzincan escort Karabük escort Karaman escort Kastamonu escort Kırıkkale escort Kırklareli escort manavgat escort alanya escort belek escort aksu escort finike escort gazipaşa escort güllük escort kaş escort kemer escort kepez escort konyaaltı escort korkuteli escort kumluca escort lara escort muratpaşa escort serik escort gemlik escort gürsu escort inegöl escort iznik escort mudanya escort nilüfer escort orhangazi escort osmangazi escort yıldırım escort kuşadası escort didim escort nazilli escort söke escort efeler escort bandırma escort altıeylül escort edremit escort karesi escort susurluk escort bodrum escort gümbet escort turgutreis escort dalaman escort fethiye escort köyceğiz escort marmaris escort çerkezköy escort çorlu escort kapaklı escort süleymanpaşa escort meram escort anamur escort erdemli escort mezitli escort silifke escort tarsus escort akhisar escort salihli escort soma escort turgutlu escort girne escort lefkoşa escort biga escort çan escort gelibolu escort dinar escort emirdağ escort sandıklı escort merzifon escort suluova escort taşova escort yeşilyurt escort gerede escort mengen escort bucak escort kadirli escort osmancık escort sungurlu escort akçakoca escort ipsala escort keşan escort kilimli escort üzümlü escort aziziye escort palandöken escort yakutiye escort bulancak escort espiye escort tirebolu escort safranbolu escort lüleburgaz escort gediz escort simav escort tavşanlı escort elbistan escort fatsa escort ünye escort ardeşen escort çayeli escort birecik escort eyyübiye escort kırıkkale escort siverek escort suruç escort viranşehir escort kangal escort şarkışla escort suşehri escort yıldızeli escort erbaa escort niksar escort turhal escort akçaabat escort araklı escort of escort ortahisar escort sorgun escort istanbul masaj salonu ankara masaj salonu izmir masaj salonu bursa masaj salonu antalya masaj salonu adana masaj salonu konya masaj salonu şanlıurfa masaj salonu gaziantep masaj salonu kocaeli masaj salonu mersin masaj salonu diyarbakır masaj salonu hatay masaj salonu manisa masaj salonu kayseri masaj salonu samsun masaj salonu balıkesir masaj salonu maraş masaj salonu van masaj salonu aydın masaj salonu tekirdağ masaj salonu sakarya masaj salonu denizli masaj salonu muğla masaj salonu bağcılar masaj salonu bahçelievler masaj salonu esenler masaj salonu esenyurt masaj salonu kadıköy masaj salonu kağıthane masaj salonu kartal masaj salonu küçükçekmece masaj salonu maltepe masaj salonu pendik masaj salonu sultangazi masaj salonu ümraniye masaj salonu üsküdar masaj salonu aliağa masaj salonu alsancak masaj salonu bayraklı masaj salonu bornova masaj salonu buca masaj salonu çeşme masaj salonu çiğli masaj salonu gaziemir masaj salonu karşıyaka masaj salonu konak masaj salonu menemen masaj salonu ödemiş masaj salonu torbalı masaj salonu çankaya masaj salonu keçiören masaj salonu mamak masaj salonu polatlı masaj salonu sincan masaj salonu alanya masaj salonu belek masaj salonu kaş masaj salonu kemer masaj salonu korkuteli masaj salonu lara masaj salonu manavgat masaj salonu serik masaj salonu side masaj salonu didim masaj salonu efeler masaj salonu kuşadası masaj salonu nazilli masaj salonu altıeylül masaj salonu bandırma masaj salonu edremit masaj salonu karesi masaj salonu susurluk masaj salonu gemlik masaj salonu gürsu masaj salonu inegöl masaj salonu mudanya masaj salonu nilüfer masaj salonu osmangazi masaj salonu yıldırım masaj salonu biga masaj salonu çan masaj salonu gelibolu masaj salonu adıyaman masaj salonu afyon masaj salonu ağrı masaj salonu aksaray masaj salonu amasya masaj salonu ardahan masaj salonu artvin masaj salonu bartın masaj salonu batman masaj salonu bayburt masaj salonu bilecik masaj salonu bingöl masaj salonu bitlis masaj salonu bolu masaj salonu burdur masaj salonu çanakkale masaj salonu çankırı masaj salonu çorum masaj salonu düzce masaj salonu edirne masaj salonu elazığ masaj salonu erzincan masaj salonu erzurum masaj salonu eskişehir masaj salonu giresun masaj salonu gümüşhane masaj salonu ığdır masaj salonu ısparta masaj salonu karabük masaj salonu karaman masaj salonu kastamonu masaj salonu kilis masaj salonu kırıkkale masaj salonu kırklareli masaj salonu kırşehir masaj salonu uşak masaj salonu kütahya masaj salonu malatya masaj salonu mardin masaj salonu nevşehir masaj salonu niğde masaj salonu ordu masaj salonu trabzon masaj salonu osmaniye masaj salonu rize masaj salonu siirt masaj salonu sinop masaj salonu sivas masaj salonu tokat masaj salonu karahayıt masaj salonu pamukkale masaj salonu nizip masaj salonu şahinbey masaj salonu şehitkamil masaj salonu antakya masaj salonu defne masaj salonu iskenderun masaj salonu darıca masaj salonu gebze masaj salonu gölcük masaj salonu izmit masaj salonu körfez masaj salonu akşehir masaj salonu beyşehir masaj salonu ereğli masaj salonu karatay masaj salonu meram masaj salonu selçuklu masaj salonu akhisar masaj salonu alaşehir masaj salonu soma masaj salonu turgutlu masaj salonu akdeniz masaj salonu anamur masaj salonu erdemli masaj salonu mezitli masaj salonu silifke masaj salonu tarsus masaj salonu toroslar masaj salonu yenişehir masaj salonu bodrum masaj salonu dalaman masaj salonu fethiye masaj salonu köyceğiz masaj salonu marmaris masaj salonu menteşe masaj salonu milas masaj salonu adapazarı masaj salonu serdivan masaj salonu atakum masaj salonu çarşamba masaj salonu ilkadım masaj salonu eyyübiye masaj salonu siverek masaj salonu viranşehir masaj salonu çerkezköy masaj salonu çorlu masaj salonu erbaa masaj salonu adana escort adapazarı escort adıyaman escort afşin escort afyon escort ağrı escort ahlat escort akçaabat escort akçakale escort akçakoca escort akdeniz escort akhisar escort aksaray escort akşehir escort aksu escort akyazı escort alanya escort alaşehir escort aliağa escort altıeylül escort altınordu escort amasya escort anamur escort ankara escort antakya escort antalya escort araklı escort ardahan escort ardeşen escort arnavutköy escort atakum escort avanos escort avcılar escort aydın escort ayvacık escort ayvalık escort aziziye escort babaeski escort bafra escort bağcılar escort bağlar escort balıkesir escort bandırma escort bartın escort batıkent escort batman escort battalgazi escort bayburt escort belek escort besni escort beylikdüzü escort beyşehir escort biga escort bilecik escort bingöl escort birecik escort bismil escort bitlis escort bodrum escort bolu escort bor escort bornova escort boyabat escort bozüyük escort buca escort bucak escort bulancak escort bulanık escort bünyan escort burdur escort bursa escort çan escort çanakkale escort canik escort çankaya escort çankırı escort çarşamba escort çayeli escort çekmeköy escort çerkeş escort çerkezköy escort çeşme escort ceyhan escort çivril escort çorlu escort çorum escort çubuk escort çukurova escort çumra escort dalaman escort darıca escort datça escort davutlar escort defne escort denizli escort derince escort develi escort didim escort digor escort dinar escort diyadin escort diyarbakır escort doğanşehir escort doğubayazıt escort dörtyol escort dulkadiroğlu escort düzce escort edirne escort edremit escort efeler escort elazığ escort elbistan escort emirdağ escort erbaa escort erdemli escort ereğli escort erenler escort ergani escort ergene escort erzincan escort erzurum escort escort esenler escort eskil escort eskişehir escort espiye escort eyyübiye escort fatih escort fatsa escort fethiye escort finike escort fındıklı escort gaziantep escort gaziemir escort gebze escort gediz escort gelibolu escort gemerek escort gemlik escort gerede escort giresun escort gölbaşı escort gölcük escort görele escort görükle escort göynük escort gümbet escort gümüşhane escort güngören escort güroymak escort gürsu escort hakkari escort haliliye escort hatay escort haymana escort horasan escort iğdır escort ilgaz escort i̇lkadım escort i̇negöl escort i̇skenderun escort isparta escort i̇stanbul escort i̇zmir escort i̇zmit escort i̇znik escort kadirli escort kadıköy escort kağıthane escort kağızman escort kahta escort kaman escort kangal escort kapaklı escort karabük escort karacabey escort karahayıt escort karaköprü escort karaman escort karatay escort karesi escort kars escort karşıyaka escort kartal escort kaş escort kastamonu escort kaynaşlı escort kayseri escort keçiören escort kemer escort kepez escort keşan escort keskin escort kestel escort kilis escort kırıkhan escort kırıkkale escort kırkağaç escort kırklareli escort kırşehir escort kızıltepe escort kocaeli escort kocasinan escort konak escort konya escort konyaaltı escort körfez escort korkuteli escort köyceğiz escort kozan escort kumluca escort kumru escort kuşadası escort kütahya escort lara escort lüleburgaz escort malatya escort malazgirt escort malkara escort maltepe escort mamak escort manavgat escort manisa escort maraş escort mardin escort marmaris escort melikgazi escort menemen escort menteşe escort meram escort mersin escort merzifon escort mezitli escort milas escort mucur escort mudanya escort mudurnu escort muğla escort muratpaşa escort muş escort mut escort nazilli escort nevşehir escort niğde escort niksar escort nilüfer escort nizip escort nurdağı escort ödemiş escort of escort oltu escort onikişubat escort ordu escort orhangazi escort ortahisar escort ortaköy escort osmancık escort osmangazi escort osmaniye escort palandöken escort pamukkale escort pamukova escort patnos escort payas escort pazar escort pazarcık escort pendik escort polatlı escort rize escort safranbolu escort şahinbey escort sakarya escort salihli escort samandağ escort samsun escort sandıklı escort şanlıurfa escort sapanca escort sarıçam escort sarıkamış escort sarıyer escort şarkışla escort şehitkamil escort selçuklu escort selim escort serdivan escort serik escort seyhan escort siirt escort silifke escort simav escort sincan escort sinop escort şişli escort sivas escort siverek escort şırnak escort söğüt escort söke escort soma escort sultangazi escort suluova escort sungurlu escort sur escort suruç escort suşehri escort susurluk escort talas escort tarsus escort taşova escort tavşanlı escort tekirdağ escort terme escort tire escort tirebolu escort tokat escort torbalı escort toroslar escort trabzon escort turgutlu escort turhal escort türkoğlu escort tuzla escort ulus escort ümraniye escort ünye escort ürgüp escort urla escort uşak escort üsküdar escort üzümlü escort van escort varto escort viranşehir escort yahşihan escort yahyalı escort yakutiye escort yalova escort yatağan escort yenişehir escort yeşilyurt escort yıldırım escort yıldızeli escort yomra escort yozgat escort yunusemre escort yüreğir escort zara escort zeytinburnu escort zile escort zonguldak escort mersin escort fethiye escort