Advertisements
Advertisements
Advertisements
Home National Niger Delta: Nigeria’s sacrificial lamb

Related Posts

Bayelsa government directs LGAs to set up vigilante teams

By Our Correspondent The Bayelsa State Government on Tuesday directed local government councils to set up vigilante teams in every community to work closely with...

Buhari writes Senate, seeks amendment of Petroleum Industry Act

President Muhammadu Buhari has urged the Senate to amend the recently enacted Petroleum Industry Act (PIA). According to Buhari’s letter read on the floor by...

NDDC Forensic Audit Report: Have you read it?

By Etibe Uko No doubt, some folks are psychic, very perceptive. Some are gifted with the ability to see what mere mortals cannot see, they...

Trans-Kalabari Road: IYC condemns abduction of expatriates

The Ijaw Youth Council (IYC) Kalabari Se-Ikpangi has condemned the abduction of an expatriate staff of Lubric Construction Company (LCC) in-charge of the construction...

‘Only Northern President Can Guarantee Security in Nigeria’ – Northern Youth Leaders

The Northern Youth Leadership Forum (NYLF) has appealed to Nigerians to support northern candidacy for the 2023 presidency in view of ending myriad security...

Featured Artist

Niger Delta: Nigeria’s sacrificial lamb

By Babatope Babalobi

The Niger Delta is ingloriously described as the oil pollution capital of the world. The region produces Nigeria’s crude oil, about teo million barrels per day in 2019, supplies 95% of Nigeria’s export earnings and 80% of federal government revenue, ironically more than 50% of its youths are believed to be unemployed or underemployed.

‘Where Vultures Feast’, a 2011 epic book cowritten by 1998 Association of Nigerian Authors (ANA) prize winner Ike Okonta, and late Environmental Rights activist and presidential aide Oronto Douglas, painted a horrid picture of Niger Delta, where the activities of multinational oil corporations have created an endangered environment. Vultures are still feasting the Niger Delta, leaving behind in the words of the Afro legend Fela Anikulapo Kuti- ‘Sorrows, Tears, and Blood’.

The Niger Delta occupies about 70,000kmsq of the landmass of Nigeria, or about 7.5% of Nigeria’s total land mass, is inhabited by about 25 million people in nine oil producing states;   six states in the South-south – Akwa Ibom, Rivers, Delta, Bayelsa, Cross River and Edo; One from Southwest (Ondo) and two from Southeast (Abia and Imo). The nine states have 185 Local Government Areas.

Oil has also brought a curse, as over 13 million barrels (1.5 million tons) of crude oil has been spilled on surface water, groundwater, land and air environment from terminals, pipelines, and oil platforms.

Specifically, a study conducted by Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in 2011 shows, an estimated 546 million gallons were spilled in Nigeria’s 159 oil fields, (78 of which are in Niger Basin) between 1958–2010.  This averaged 300 spills or nearly 10.8 million/year.

The study also shows 50,000 acres of mangrove forest disappeared between 1986—2003, and 32% of associated gas flared (127 bcf) in the first quarter of 2010 alone.

The major oil spills incidents include the FUNIWA-5 oil blow out in 1980 that released 54,000 tonnes of crude oils to the mangroves; Mobil raptured pipe that released 14,300 tonnes of crude oil in 1998; a spill from a Shell pumping station in Warri that released 2,900 tonnes of crude oil in 1998; Shell OML 118 Bonga deep offshore Oil Spill of December 20, 2011 that spilled over 40,000 barrels to over 20 riverine communities across Akwa Ibom, Bayelsa and Delta State.

The spill occurred when the company’s export line linking their Float Production Storage and Offloading (FPSO) vessel supplying crude oil to a tanker MV Northia, spewed about 40,000 barrels (6.4 million litres) of crude oil into the sea.

The spills continue unabated. Nigeria Oil Spill Detection and Response Agency (NOSDRA) through its Oilmonitor.org reports that in 2019 for instance, there were 597 oil spills incidents in the Niger Delta region with 35,816.42 barrels of oil reported spilled from activities of oil companies like Shell (Shell Petroleum Development Company, Nigeria, Ltd); Chevron (Chevron Nigeria, Ltd.); ExxonMobil (Mobil Producing Unlimited); Eni (Nigerian Agip Oil Company); and Total (Elf) (Total E&P Nigeria Limited, formerly EPNL)

The two topmost culprits in 2019 were with Nigerian Agip Oil Company (NAOC) with 193 spills involving 5,391.92 barrels, and Shell Petroleum Development Company (SPDC) with 197 spills with 12,078.42 barrels of oil.

The cause of the 2019 Oil spills according to Oilmonitor.org, include corrosion, equipment failure, operation and maintenance error, alleged oil exploitation activities, catchment basin overflow due to 2019 flood, sabotage, and unknown causes.

These oil spills has affected over 1500 communities causing reduction in soil fertility, loss of economic trees and food crops, reduced yield and quality of agricultural products, prevalence of childhood malnutrition, bioaccumulation (increase concentration) like lead and cadmium in vegetables and fisheries, massive water contamination with hydrocarbons and trace metals, child malnutrition, cancer, and several acute and long term effects on  public health.

A landmark report by the  United Nations Environment Programme(UNEP),-  Environmental Assessment of Ogoniland, 2011, found serious cases of groundwater contamination including alarming proportion in Nisisioken Ogale, in Eleme LGA, where an eight centimetres layer of refined oil was observed floating on the groundwater; denudation of mangroves, highest in Bodo West, in Bonny LGA,  where a 10% loss of healthy mangrove cover was recorded; and drinking water contamination, a case study was recorded in  Nisisioken Ogale where benzene, a known carcinogen, at levels over 900 times above the World Health Organization was recorded. The report estimated a successful cleanup of the Niger Delta region to cost $1 billion and take 30 years to complete.

What is the way forward in achieving ecological restoration of the Niger Delta? The federal government should declare ecological emergency in the oil-rich Niger Delta and take immediate steps on its environmental remediation and livelihood restoration.

The federal government should exert pressure on oil companies to maintain the highest possible environmental safeguards, and pay imposed fines as required by the Polluter Pay Principle.

Specifically, government should ensure Shell pays the $3.6b imposed on it by the National Oil Spills Detection and Response Agency NOSDRA and upheld by a Lagos Federal High Court for the 2011 Bonga deep offshore Oil Spill spill of 40,000 litres of crude oil into the Atlantic Ocean.  Its judicious disbursement will no doubt mitigate environmental impacts in the affected communities.

Environmental groups should draw international attention to the ecological genocide in the Niger delta to enable it to attract the same visibility as the Gulf of Mexico.

Government needs to strongly regulate the oil giants to ensure environmental remediation of Niger Delta’s degraded space and reduce its abuse and rape.  Fortunately, there is a light at the tunnel that should empower national authorities to act swiftly and decisively.

In June 2014, the Human Rights Council adopted resolution 26/9, a legally binding instrument that established an intergovernmental working group that would create an instrument for regulating transnational corporations with regard to human rights, and its details are still being discussed.

It is commendable that federal government launched the $1billion Ogoni clean-up exercise on June 2016 and the Hydrocarbon Pollution and Remediation Project (HYPREP) was inaugurated two months later.

Critics, however, argue this is coming too late and too little; a matter made worse by the perceived slow motion of the HYPREP. What the UNEP report recommended was the institution of an Ogoni Restoration Authority (ORA), though government is not bound to accept its recommendations in every material particular.

Be this as it may, the 2011 UNEP report needs to be revisited and implemented holistically rather than its present piecemeal implementation.

The report contained emergency measures, operational recommendations, technical recommendations for environmental restoration, recommendations for public health, recommendations for governments, recommendations for regulators, recommendations on monitoring, and recommendations for operators of oil industry most of which are still largely implemented. The report also needs to be updated to reflect current realities in the Niger delta basin.

As the report noted: ‘Restoring the livelihoods and well being of future Ogoni generations is within reach but timing is crucial. Given the dynamic nature of oil pollution and the extent of contamination revealed in UNEP’s study, failure to begin addressing urgent public health concerns and commencing a cleanup will only exacerbate and unnecessarily prolong the Ogoni people’s suffering’.

Nigeria has missed nine years to act and clean up the Niger Delta. Now is the time to act, further delays will be costly.

Babalobi is a doctorate researcher, Department of Health, University of Bath, UK.

Latest Posts

Bayelsa government directs LGAs to set up vigilante teams

By Our Correspondent The Bayelsa State Government on Tuesday directed local government councils to set up vigilante teams in every community to work closely with...

Buhari writes Senate, seeks amendment of Petroleum Industry Act

President Muhammadu Buhari has urged the Senate to amend the recently enacted Petroleum Industry Act (PIA). According to Buhari’s letter read on the floor by...

NDDC Forensic Audit Report: Have you read it?

By Etibe Uko No doubt, some folks are psychic, very perceptive. Some are gifted with the ability to see what mere mortals cannot see, they...

Aydın escort muğla escort tekirdağ escort manisa escort balıkesir escort konyaaltı escort alanya escort manavgat escort didim escort kemer escort aksaray escort burdur escort kırklareli escort kastamonu escort adıyaman escort belek escort trabzon escort elazığ escort ordu escort kütahya escort ısparta escort rize escort maraş escort yalova escort giresun escort yozgat escort tokat escort şanlıurfa escort sivas escort batman escort erzurum escort sinop escort kırşehir escort karaman escort kırıkkale escort bolu escort amasya escort niğde escort uşak escort edirne escort çorum escort osmaniye escort zonguldak escort van escort erzincan escort söke escort nazilli escort kuşadası escort efeler escort didim escort çine escort bodrum escort fethiye escort marmaris escort dalaman escort menteşe escort milas escort ortaca escort seydikemer escort çerkezköy escort çorlu escort ergene escort kapaklı escort malkara escort süleymanpaşa escort akhisar escort alaşehir escort salihli escort şehzadeler escort soma escort turgutlu escort yunusemre escort bandırma escort altıeylül escort ayvalık escort bigadiç escort burhaniye escort gönen escort karesi escort susurluk escort ayvacık escort biga escort çan escort gelibolu escort yenice escort akçaabat escort araklı escort of escort ortahisar escort yomra escort karakoçan escort kovancılar escort altınordu escort fatsa escort perşembe escort ünye escort tavşanlı escort simav escort domaniç escort eğirdir escort yalvaç escort ardeşen escort cayeli escort fındıklı escort pazar escort afşin escort dulkadiroğlu escort Elbistan escort onikişubat escort pazarcık escort türkoğlu escort altınova escort çiftlikköy escort çınarcık escort bulancak escort espiye escort eynesil escort görele escort piraziz escort tirebolu escort yağlıdere escort sorgun escort sarıkaya escort çayıralan escort boğazlıyan escort akdağmadeni escort erbaa escort niksar escort turhal escort zile escort viranşehir escort suruç escort siverek escort karaköprü escort haliliye escort eyyübiye escort akçakale escort zara escort Yıldızeli escort suşehri escort şarkışla escort gemerek escort kozluk escort sason escort aziziye escort horasan escort oltu escort palandöken escort yakutiye escort ayancık escort boyabat escort gerze escort kaman escort mucur escort ermenek escort sarıveliler escort keskin escort yahşihan escort gerede escort göynük escort mengen escort mudurnu escort göynücek escort gümüşhacıköy escort merzifon escort suluova escort taşova escort bor escort çamardı escort ulukışla escort banaz escort eşme escort sivaslı escort havsa escort ipsala escort keşan escort osmancık escort sungurlu escort bahçe escort hasanbeyli escort kadirli escort toprakkale escort alaplı escort çaycuma escort ereğli escort kilimli escort başkale escort ipekyolu escort özalp escort tuşba escort kemah escort refahiye escort tercan escort üzümlü escort http://www.ddtshanghaiescort.com Antalya escort Bursa escort Mersin escort Aydın escort Balıkesir escort Çanakkale escort Kıbrıs escort Kütahya escort Manisa escort Muğla escort Tekirdağ escort Trabzon escort Yalova escort Isparta escort Maraş escort Ordu escort Rize escort Sivas escort Afyon escort Aksaray escort Giresun escort Şanlıurfa escort Yozgat escort Erzurum escort Amasya escort Çorum escort Tokat escort Uşak escort Van escort Bolu escort Burdur escort Kırşehir escort Niğde escort Osmaniye escort Zonguldak escort Düzce escort Edirne escort Erzincan escort Karabük escort Karaman escort Kastamonu escort Kırıkkale escort Kırklareli escort manavgat escort alanya escort belek escort aksu escort finike escort gazipaşa escort güllük escort kaş escort kemer escort kepez escort konyaaltı escort korkuteli escort kumluca escort lara escort muratpaşa escort serik escort gemlik escort gürsu escort inegöl escort iznik escort mudanya escort nilüfer escort orhangazi escort osmangazi escort yıldırım escort kuşadası escort didim escort nazilli escort söke escort efeler escort bandırma escort altıeylül escort edremit escort karesi escort susurluk escort bodrum escort gümbet escort turgutreis escort dalaman escort fethiye escort köyceğiz escort marmaris escort çerkezköy escort çorlu escort kapaklı escort süleymanpaşa escort meram escort anamur escort erdemli escort mezitli escort silifke escort tarsus escort akhisar escort salihli escort soma escort turgutlu escort girne escort lefkoşa escort biga escort çan escort gelibolu escort dinar escort emirdağ escort sandıklı escort merzifon escort suluova escort taşova escort yeşilyurt escort gerede escort mengen escort bucak escort kadirli escort osmancık escort sungurlu escort akçakoca escort ipsala escort keşan escort kilimli escort üzümlü escort aziziye escort palandöken escort yakutiye escort bulancak escort espiye escort tirebolu escort safranbolu escort lüleburgaz escort gediz escort simav escort tavşanlı escort elbistan escort fatsa escort ünye escort ardeşen escort çayeli escort birecik escort eyyübiye escort kırıkkale escort siverek escort suruç escort viranşehir escort kangal escort şarkışla escort suşehri escort yıldızeli escort erbaa escort niksar escort turhal escort akçaabat escort araklı escort of escort ortahisar escort sorgun escort istanbul masaj salonu ankara masaj salonu izmir masaj salonu bursa masaj salonu antalya masaj salonu adana masaj salonu konya masaj salonu şanlıurfa masaj salonu gaziantep masaj salonu kocaeli masaj salonu mersin masaj salonu diyarbakır masaj salonu hatay masaj salonu manisa masaj salonu kayseri masaj salonu samsun masaj salonu balıkesir masaj salonu maraş masaj salonu van masaj salonu aydın masaj salonu tekirdağ masaj salonu sakarya masaj salonu denizli masaj salonu muğla masaj salonu bağcılar masaj salonu bahçelievler masaj salonu esenler masaj salonu esenyurt masaj salonu kadıköy masaj salonu kağıthane masaj salonu kartal masaj salonu küçükçekmece masaj salonu maltepe masaj salonu pendik masaj salonu sultangazi masaj salonu ümraniye masaj salonu üsküdar masaj salonu aliağa masaj salonu alsancak masaj salonu bayraklı masaj salonu bornova masaj salonu buca masaj salonu çeşme masaj salonu çiğli masaj salonu gaziemir masaj salonu karşıyaka masaj salonu konak masaj salonu menemen masaj salonu ödemiş masaj salonu torbalı masaj salonu çankaya masaj salonu keçiören masaj salonu mamak masaj salonu polatlı masaj salonu sincan masaj salonu alanya masaj salonu belek masaj salonu kaş masaj salonu kemer masaj salonu korkuteli masaj salonu lara masaj salonu manavgat masaj salonu serik masaj salonu side masaj salonu didim masaj salonu efeler masaj salonu kuşadası masaj salonu nazilli masaj salonu altıeylül masaj salonu bandırma masaj salonu edremit masaj salonu karesi masaj salonu susurluk masaj salonu gemlik masaj salonu gürsu masaj salonu inegöl masaj salonu mudanya masaj salonu nilüfer masaj salonu osmangazi masaj salonu yıldırım masaj salonu biga masaj salonu çan masaj salonu gelibolu masaj salonu adıyaman masaj salonu afyon masaj salonu ağrı masaj salonu aksaray masaj salonu amasya masaj salonu ardahan masaj salonu artvin masaj salonu bartın masaj salonu batman masaj salonu bayburt masaj salonu bilecik masaj salonu bingöl masaj salonu bitlis masaj salonu bolu masaj salonu burdur masaj salonu çanakkale masaj salonu çankırı masaj salonu çorum masaj salonu düzce masaj salonu edirne masaj salonu elazığ masaj salonu erzincan masaj salonu erzurum masaj salonu eskişehir masaj salonu giresun masaj salonu gümüşhane masaj salonu ığdır masaj salonu ısparta masaj salonu karabük masaj salonu karaman masaj salonu kastamonu masaj salonu kilis masaj salonu kırıkkale masaj salonu kırklareli masaj salonu kırşehir masaj salonu uşak masaj salonu kütahya masaj salonu malatya masaj salonu mardin masaj salonu nevşehir masaj salonu niğde masaj salonu ordu masaj salonu trabzon masaj salonu osmaniye masaj salonu rize masaj salonu siirt masaj salonu sinop masaj salonu sivas masaj salonu tokat masaj salonu karahayıt masaj salonu pamukkale masaj salonu nizip masaj salonu şahinbey masaj salonu şehitkamil masaj salonu antakya masaj salonu defne masaj salonu iskenderun masaj salonu darıca masaj salonu gebze masaj salonu gölcük masaj salonu izmit masaj salonu körfez masaj salonu akşehir masaj salonu beyşehir masaj salonu ereğli masaj salonu karatay masaj salonu meram masaj salonu selçuklu masaj salonu akhisar masaj salonu alaşehir masaj salonu soma masaj salonu turgutlu masaj salonu akdeniz masaj salonu anamur masaj salonu erdemli masaj salonu mezitli masaj salonu silifke masaj salonu tarsus masaj salonu toroslar masaj salonu yenişehir masaj salonu bodrum masaj salonu dalaman masaj salonu fethiye masaj salonu köyceğiz masaj salonu marmaris masaj salonu menteşe masaj salonu milas masaj salonu adapazarı masaj salonu serdivan masaj salonu atakum masaj salonu çarşamba masaj salonu ilkadım masaj salonu eyyübiye masaj salonu siverek masaj salonu viranşehir masaj salonu çerkezköy masaj salonu çorlu masaj salonu erbaa masaj salonu adana escort adapazarı escort adıyaman escort afşin escort afyon escort ağrı escort ahlat escort akçaabat escort akçakale escort akçakoca escort akdeniz escort akhisar escort aksaray escort akşehir escort aksu escort akyazı escort alanya escort alaşehir escort aliağa escort altıeylül escort altınordu escort amasya escort anamur escort ankara escort antakya escort antalya escort araklı escort ardahan escort ardeşen escort arnavutköy escort atakum escort avanos escort avcılar escort aydın escort ayvacık escort ayvalık escort aziziye escort babaeski escort bafra escort bağcılar escort bağlar escort balıkesir escort bandırma escort bartın escort batıkent escort batman escort battalgazi escort bayburt escort belek escort besni escort beylikdüzü escort beyşehir escort biga escort bilecik escort bingöl escort birecik escort bismil escort bitlis escort bodrum escort bolu escort bor escort bornova escort boyabat escort bozüyük escort buca escort bucak escort bulancak escort bulanık escort bünyan escort burdur escort bursa escort çan escort çanakkale escort canik escort çankaya escort çankırı escort çarşamba escort çayeli escort çekmeköy escort çerkeş escort çerkezköy escort çeşme escort ceyhan escort çivril escort çorlu escort çorum escort çubuk escort çukurova escort çumra escort dalaman escort darıca escort datça escort davutlar escort defne escort denizli escort derince escort develi escort didim escort digor escort dinar escort diyadin escort diyarbakır escort doğanşehir escort doğubayazıt escort dörtyol escort dulkadiroğlu escort düzce escort edirne escort edremit escort efeler escort elazığ escort elbistan escort emirdağ escort erbaa escort erdemli escort ereğli escort erenler escort ergani escort ergene escort erzincan escort erzurum escort escort esenler escort eskil escort eskişehir escort espiye escort eyyübiye escort fatih escort fatsa escort fethiye escort finike escort fındıklı escort gaziantep escort gaziemir escort gebze escort gediz escort gelibolu escort gemerek escort gemlik escort gerede escort giresun escort gölbaşı escort gölcük escort görele escort görükle escort göynük escort gümbet escort gümüşhane escort güngören escort güroymak escort gürsu escort hakkari escort haliliye escort hatay escort haymana escort horasan escort iğdır escort ilgaz escort i̇lkadım escort i̇negöl escort i̇skenderun escort isparta escort i̇stanbul escort i̇zmir escort i̇zmit escort i̇znik escort kadirli escort kadıköy escort kağıthane escort kağızman escort kahta escort kaman escort kangal escort kapaklı escort karabük escort karacabey escort karahayıt escort karaköprü escort karaman escort karatay escort karesi escort kars escort karşıyaka escort kartal escort kaş escort kastamonu escort kaynaşlı escort kayseri escort keçiören escort kemer escort kepez escort keşan escort keskin escort kestel escort kilis escort kırıkhan escort kırıkkale escort kırkağaç escort kırklareli escort kırşehir escort kızıltepe escort kocaeli escort kocasinan escort konak escort konya escort konyaaltı escort körfez escort korkuteli escort köyceğiz escort kozan escort kumluca escort kumru escort kuşadası escort kütahya escort lara escort lüleburgaz escort malatya escort malazgirt escort malkara escort maltepe escort mamak escort manavgat escort manisa escort maraş escort mardin escort marmaris escort melikgazi escort menemen escort menteşe escort meram escort mersin escort merzifon escort mezitli escort milas escort mucur escort mudanya escort mudurnu escort muğla escort muratpaşa escort muş escort mut escort nazilli escort nevşehir escort niğde escort niksar escort nilüfer escort nizip escort nurdağı escort ödemiş escort of escort oltu escort onikişubat escort ordu escort orhangazi escort ortahisar escort ortaköy escort osmancık escort osmangazi escort osmaniye escort palandöken escort pamukkale escort pamukova escort patnos escort payas escort pazar escort pazarcık escort pendik escort polatlı escort rize escort safranbolu escort şahinbey escort sakarya escort salihli escort samandağ escort samsun escort sandıklı escort şanlıurfa escort sapanca escort sarıçam escort sarıkamış escort sarıyer escort şarkışla escort şehitkamil escort selçuklu escort selim escort serdivan escort serik escort seyhan escort siirt escort silifke escort simav escort sincan escort sinop escort şişli escort sivas escort siverek escort şırnak escort söğüt escort söke escort soma escort sultangazi escort suluova escort sungurlu escort sur escort suruç escort suşehri escort susurluk escort talas escort tarsus escort taşova escort tavşanlı escort tekirdağ escort terme escort tire escort tirebolu escort tokat escort torbalı escort toroslar escort trabzon escort turgutlu escort turhal escort türkoğlu escort tuzla escort ulus escort ümraniye escort ünye escort ürgüp escort urla escort uşak escort üsküdar escort üzümlü escort van escort varto escort viranşehir escort yahşihan escort yahyalı escort yakutiye escort yalova escort yatağan escort yenişehir escort yeşilyurt escort yıldırım escort yıldızeli escort yomra escort yozgat escort yunusemre escort yüreğir escort zara escort zeytinburnu escort zile escort zonguldak escort mersin escort fethiye escort